罗马尼亚婚姻定义修宪公投 决定是否禁止同性婚姻

当地时间2018年10月6日,罗马尼亚布加勒斯特,罗马尼亚举行为期两天的全民修宪,决定是否将宪法中婚姻的定义从“配偶结合”改为“一男一女结合”。

西方人士认为,罗马尼亚针对婚姻定义举行修宪公投,凸显出东欧和西欧对同性恋的观念差异和分歧。

依据该国宪法规定,倘若登记选民投票支持率超过30%,公投则获得通过。罗马尼亚同性恋社团组织认为,该项公投将使同性恋盾形于二等公民。倘若公投获得通过,从此将关闭了罗马尼亚同性婚姻合法化的大门。

反观西欧国家,2001年,荷兰成为了全世界首个允许同性举行世俗婚礼的国家。随后,比利时、英国(北爱尔兰除外)、丹麦、芬兰、法国、德国、冰岛、爱尔兰、卢森堡、马尔他、挪威、葡萄牙、西班牙和瑞典等15个国家,相继承认了同性恋民事结合。随后一些国家逐步已将同性婚姻合法化。

在西欧国家中,意大利、瑞士、捷克、希腊、匈牙利、罗埃西亚、赛普勒斯等国,目前允许同性恋民事结合,尚未将同性婚姻合法化。斯洛维文亚也是允许同性恋民事结合的国家。2015年,该国就同性婚姻合法举行公投,遭到了大部分公民的反对。

在东欧国家中,2018年6月,捷克政府支持同性婚姻立法草案,使捷克有望成为欧盟第一个同性婚姻合法化的东欧国家。目前,在东欧的大多数国家中,还禁止同性恋进行民事结合,更不允许同婚。保加利亚、拉托维亚、立陶宛、波兰、罗马尼亚和斯洛伐克等国,同性恋则完全禁止组成家庭。

西欧国家在解禁同性恋行为、同性恋进行民事结合的同时,奥地利、比利时、英国、丹麦、法国、德国、马尔他、荷兰、西班牙和瑞典等国,目前已获准同性恋婚姻和民事结合的同性伴侣,拥有领养孩子的权利。而芬兰、斯洛文尼亚等东欧国家,只允许同性收养伴侣的亲生子女。

罗马尼亚婚姻定义修宪公投 决定是否禁止同性婚姻

A man holding a child on his shoulders casts his vote, in Bucharest, Romania, Saturday, Oct. 6, 2018. Two days of voting on a constitutional amendment that would make it harder to legalize same-sex marriage has started in Romania. (AP Photo/Andreea Alexandru)

罗马尼亚婚姻定义修宪公投 决定是否禁止同性婚姻

The leader of Romania's ruling Social Democratic party, Liviu Dragnea exits a voting booth, in Bucharest, Romania, Saturday, Oct. 6, 2018. Two days of voting on a constitutional amendment that would make it harder to legalize same-sex marriage has started in Romania. (AP Photo/Andreea Alexandru)

罗马尼亚婚姻定义修宪公投 决定是否禁止同性婚姻

October 6, 2018 - Bucharest, Romania - Cristina Tarteata, junior minister for Tourism is seen voting during the first day of the referendum on the constitutional defintion of marriage in Bucharest, Romania on October 6, 2018. Even though Romanian law forbids marriages between same-sex couples the ruling PSD party has initiated a referendum to change the defiition in the constitution from a marriage being a bond between couples to that of a man and a woman. Critics fear a positive result will result more autocratic creep

罗马尼亚婚姻定义修宪公投 决定是否禁止同性婚姻

epa07073179 A handout photo made available by the Romanian Orthodox Patriarchy agency - Basilica shows Romanian Patriarch Daniel, head of Romanian Orthodox Church, casts his ballot during the family re-definition referendum planned for this weekend, at a polling station in Bucharest, Romania, 06 October 2018. Romanians are going to polls on 06 and 07 October, to approve or not the proposed constitutional changes. Romania doesn't recognize same- sex couples at this moment. The plan for a referendum started as the civil society group named 'Coalition for the Family' managed to collect three million signatures in favor of changing the constitutional definition of marriage as a union strictly between a man and a woman from the existing 'spouses'. EPA/RALUCA ENE / BASILICA / HANDOUT HANDOUT EDITORIAL USE ONLY/NO SALES

罗马尼亚婚姻定义修宪公投 决定是否禁止同性婚姻

A Romanian Orthodox nun exits the voting booth, in Ciorogarla, Romania, Sunday, Oct. 7, 2018. Romanians are voting Sunday around the country for a second day on a constitutional amendment that would make it harder to legalize same-sex marriage. (AP Photo/Andreea Alexandru)

罗马尼亚婚姻定义修宪公投 决定是否禁止同性婚姻

People are seen voting in the first on the referendum on the constitutional defintion of marriage in Bucharest, Romania on October 6, 2018. Even though Romanian law forbids marriages between same-sex couples the ruling PSD party has initiated a referendum to change the defiition in the constitution from a marriage being a bond between couples to that of a man and a woman. Critics fear a positive result will result more autocratic creep. (Photo by Jaap Arriens / Sipa USA)

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